Madhubani Painting | Traditional Madhubani Drawing Art

Madhubani Painting

Madhubani Art painting, also known as Mithila painting, was first practiced by the people of Mithila region of North Bihar, India, who are now better known as Maithilis. Madhubani Drawing gained popularity in other regions of India when the refugees from Nepal brought their art to the neighboring states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh during the late 20th century. 

Today, there are many other ethnic groups in India who practice this style of painting, but it remains most popular among Maithilis. Madhubani paintings depict religious themes with a unique style that has been passed down over many generations. Madhubani paintings are usually created on handmade paper or cloth using natural dyes. The paintings often depict scenes from Hindu mythology, and the colors and patterns are said to represent the different aspects of the cosmos.

More About Madhubani Paintings?

Madhubani paintings are traditional folk art from India. They have been practiced for hundreds of years in Madhubani district in Bihar, but have spread to other regions throughout India as well. Traditionally, Madhubani paintings were done on terracotta or paper, and they often depicted mythology or everyday village life. Today they’re more likely to be painted on cloth, paper or walls.

Madhubani painting is an art that originates from Bihar, India. Many people believe that it was created over 400 years ago by groups of women in rural communities. The paintings were popular among women who enjoyed spending their time on hand-painted clothes. Although today Madhubani art is considered a traditional art form, it has spread to other regions and cultures around India and even to neighboring countries like Nepal and Bangladesh.

Why You Need To Know About Madhubani Painting?

Madhubani art is an ancient Indian folk art form that belongs to the Mithila region of North India. It is still practiced in India and Nepal today, particularly in Bihar and its neighboring regions. The paintings depict stories from ancient epics like Mahabharata, Ramayana, Panchatantra, Shiva Purana etc.,

or are taken from Hindu mythology itself. Traditionally it was used for decorating wedding cards, betrothal cards (Sandesh), paper sarees (Patachitra) but has now reached international acclaim as well. They are traditional single-color paintings done with natural dyes on a cloth called Madhu khadi which is made from cotton.

Why is Madhubani Painting Famous in the world?

Madhubani painting, or Madhubani art, is probably best known for its association with shringar (beauty) in Hindu mythology. According to Sanskrit texts, goddess Sita painted herself while she was living in forests as an exile after having been kidnapped by Ravan and then rescued by Ram.

She wanted to impress her husband Ram and so she used special colors of sandalwood and turmeric, both native to India. Since that time, madhubani art became a tradition that women were taught how to do when they got married. The bright colors symbolized beauty and prosperity. Madhubani paintings of yore were generally passed down from generation to generation through oral tradition but many contemporary artists are now making their own innovations on an age-old art form.

History of Madhubani Paintings

While Madhubani paintings are typically associated with Bihar, they’re actually one of many regional styles of mithila painting, which is named after Mithila, an ancient province that existed along what is now India’s border with Nepal.

Its cultural capital was located in present-day Janakpur. The paints used to create mithila paintings were historically derived from plants and minerals such as cinnabar (red), ochre (yellow), slate pencils (black) and lamp black.

 Artists used small copper plates to apply color to silk and cotton fabrics. They also created miniature scroll paintings called chitrakathi that were placed in shrines at temples throughout India. Today, most artists use acrylic paint or gouache on canvas or paper.

 However, some painters still use traditional materials like henna to create intricate designs that often take months to complete. The art form has been revived by Nand Kishore Singh since 1991 when he founded NKS Art Foundation in Patna, Bihar and published Mithila Painting magazine for its promotion.

 He is known for his revival efforts towards Madhubani art form through his foundation NKS Art Foundation and publication of ‘Mithila Painting’ magazine for its promotion since 1991.

How Many Types Of Madhubani Painting Styles?

Madhubani painting is actually one of many types of Mithila Painting. Madhuban art is rooted in Indian culture and finds its origins in folk arts like Bhithi painting and Bedni, it also draws influence from Mughal and Rajput traditions, as well as classical dance. 

It flourished in the state’s Darbhanga district till India’s independence, before quickly spreading throughout eastern India, particularly to states such as West Bengal. Today, Madhubani painting can be found all over India with artists using modern tools to keep up with its popularity. But Here We Discuss About A Few Famous Style. 

Bharni | Madhubani Painting

Bharni is one of the most popular styles of painting in Madhubani art. In Bharni paintings, we see vibrantly colored fields of yellow, orange and red. It can also be executed in combination with other forms like Chitrakathi, Phad and Changunarayan art. Like other Madhubani paintings, Bharni drawing requires mastery over fine-line drawing and crisp strokes.

Kachni | Madhubani Painting

Madhubani is an ancient art form in the Mithila region of India. Kachni madhubani painting is one of many subgenres of Mithila Painting. Kachni means short, thin brush and makki means corn husk and it is used for writing letters in place of pens/pencils which were very difficult to obtain before Independence. One can still find some practitioners left.

Tantrik | Madhubani Painting

If you’re at all interested in the mystical and the exotic, you need to check out Tantrik Madhubani painting. This unique form of art is based in the ancient Indian practice of Tantra, and is characterized by its intricate and colorful designs.

Godna | Madhubani Painting

Godna is a type of traditional Madhubani painting from the Indian state of Bihar. The name comes from the Hindi word for tattoo, and the style is known for its use of line work and bold colors. Godna paintings are made using a variety of techniques, including stamping, brushwork, and stenciling. 

The artists often start with a pencil sketch, which they then outline in black ink. Once the basic outlines are in place, they fill in the colors and add the final details. Godna paintings are unique and beautiful works of art that are prized by collectors and admirers of Indian culture. 

Kohbar | Madhubani Painting

Kohbar Madhubani paintings are a type of Indian folk art that dates back centuries. These paintings are typically created on the walls of homes and temples, and they often depict scenes from Hindu mythology.

Kohbar Madhubani paintings are created using a variety of techniques, including hand-painting, block printing, and stenciling. The end result is a beautiful and unique work of art that is steeped in tradition.

Features of Madhubani Paintings

Madhubani paintings often depict scenes from Hindu mythology, such as the wedding of Lord Rama and Sita. Other popular subjects include flowers, birds, and animals. Madhubani Drawing are also traditionally done for special occasions like weddings and births.

There are a few signature features of Madhubani paintings. Firstly, they are usually created with natural dyes. Secondly, the paintings often feature folkloric subjects such as Hindu gods and goddesses. Lastly, Madhubani paintings are usually completed without the use of any preliminary sketches or outlines.

Madhubani Art in the Present Day

Mithila Painting is a type of Indian folk art that dates back centuries. The name “Madhubani” comes from the region in India where this type of art originated. Madhubani Drawing are characterized by their colorful and intricate designs.

Madhubani art was traditionally created on mud walls and floors using natural dyes. Today, Madhubani paintings are created on a variety of surfaces, including canvases, papers, and fabrics. The motifs and patterns used in Madhubani drawing are often inspired by nature, such as birds, flowers, and trees.

Mithila Paintingc is enjoying a revival in the present day. Due to its intricate designs and bright colors, Madhubani paintings are now popular decor items. You can find Madhubani Drawing for sale in many art galleries and online stores. If you

Interesting Facts About this Indian Paintings

Madhubani painting is one of India’s most popular traditional paintings. Painted on either cloth or paper, Madhubani Drawing are used for decorating homes and making decorative objects like boxes, mirrors, book covers and bags.

 Traditionally done by women in Odisha (formerly known as Orissa), Madhubani is thought to have taken its name from one of its early practitioners. There are several different types of Madhubani paintings, but each typically features stylized flowers and leaves painted in thick outlines around an image that may be geometric or figurative.

 These images are painted using vegetable dyes on white backgrounds, which makes them stand out sharply against dark walls. While many people see these paintings only as decorations, there is actually a lot more to them than meets the eye! Here’s a quick look at some interesting facts about Madhubani painting…

Materials used in madhubani painting

Traditionally, madhubani is painted on a cloth called a katha. Khatha are traditionally rectangular in shape and are typically between 6–8 feet in length and 1–2 feet in width. Traditionally, all kathas were made of cotton or silk although today they may also be made from other fabric like synthetic fibers. Khatha are generally handmade, although they can also be factory-made depending on location and availability. 

Kathas are generally dyed before painting begins but some artists use white unbleached cloths as well. Traditionally, only women have worked with katha; however, men have begun to take up painting as well. Kathas are usually purchased by an artist for their personal use but some artists will rent them out for a fee if one does not own one.

Techniques used in madhubani painting

There are several techniques used in madhubani painting. By introducing each one, we’ll illustrate how different layers work together to produce an artwork that captures a real-life scene or personality and makes it into a memorable piece of art. Although these different steps take practice, they’re easy to master with just a little bit of patience and hard work. Here are a few tips for making your own madhubani art

Basis of the Style

The two main styles of painting in India that have survived over time are Mughal and Rajput paintings. The Mughal style has its roots in Persian miniatures and was introduced to India by court painters who traveled with emperors. Rajput painting is based on Hinduism, a religion that has many gods and goddesses with specific features. People therefore had to come up with ways to depict their gods in more than one way.

Cultural Significance

According to Hinduism, Lord Vishnu is regarded as a preserver of peace and justice. To bring about his ideals, he takes ten incarnations in each time cycle (kalpa). The last incarnation, Bhagiratha, is said to have brought down Ganga (the celestial river) from heaven to earth. Goddess Ganga then descended on earth from the Himalayas with all her fury and might which caused great chaos to exist upon Earth by flooding it completely.

People also ask Few FAQs About Madhubani Painting

Here Are The Few FAQs About Madhubani Painting A Traditional Madhubani art With Modern Twist.

In which state Madhubani painting is famous?

It is popular in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand. But, Madhubani Drawing have become famous all over India and even abroad due to their elegance. Nandu Jha and Vidyapati Singh are two of its most famous exponents. The way they paint flowers on a page gives it an effect as if you’re looking at them from afar. You can make out each petal separately, even though they’re painted close to each other in a very subtle manner.

What is special about Madhubani painting?

MADHUBANI PAINTING-STYLE OF PASTEL ART originated in ancient India. Being an exacting and elaborate art form, it derives its name from a village called Madhubani near Darbhanga in Bihar where it originated.

Which city is famous for Madhubani paintings?

Jaipur, India. Madhubani paintings are popularly associated with Indian culture and considered an important art form by many. The art is an ancient type of miniature painting that originated in Central Asia as well as nearby areas like Kashmir and Nepal. The intricate designs of these paintings are made using fine brushes with special natural dyes on either handmade or machine-made papers. 

These little works of art were traditionally used as domestic decorations in Hindu households, but today they are sold in a wide variety of marketplaces throughout North India. They can be bought by tourists to add some local flavor to their travel souvenirs, or by locals looking for a unique addition to their home decor—either way, it’s worth getting acquainted with some of these tiny treasures.

Who started Madhubani painting?

Madhubani painting was founded by Ravishankar Pandey, a Sanskrit scholar and artist who invented Madhubani art to spread culture in north India. He started working with different materials like terracotta clay and wood to create miniature paintings of religious figures that depicted his love for religion. Over time, it became an art form widely practiced by women and children due to its ease of use. Even today, Madhubani Drawing is performed traditionally in villages at local events or on religious occasions.

Artists who are famous for their madhubani paintings?

Sita Devi, Charu Benarjee and Pratima Pandey. The painting originated from a village named Madhubani situated in Darbhanga district of Bihar state in India. It is also known as Mithila painting because it originates from Mithila region which comprises Darbhanga and some parts of Saharsa districts of Bihar. This art form has been preserved by women artists only and their families. There is a saying that ‘madhubani’ means drawn with patience which implies that intricate details are added to make different motifs on these paintings with brush dipped in colors on rice paper or cloth.

How is it different from other art forms?

Madhubani drawing is a type of Indian folk painting that is done with natural dyes and pigments on handmade paper or cloth. It is characterized by its intricate geometric patterns and colorful depictions of nature scenes. Madhubani art is believed to date back to the 12th century and has been passed down through generations of families in the Mithila region of India. Today, it is not only an important part of Indian culture, but also a popular form of art that is enjoyed by people all over the world.

People also ask Few Short FAQs About Madhubani Painting

Here Are The Few Short FAQs About Madhubani Painting A Traditional art from Madhubani With Modern Twist.

What can be painted in this art form?

Sari, Dupatta, Kurta And Now days mask Is Very Popular You Can paint Madhubani painting On Mask.

Where can I learn it?

You can learn Madhubani Drawing Art from a variety of places. There are many books and online tutorials that can teach you the basics of this traditional art form. You can also find classes offered at local community centers or art schools.

How much time does it take?

It’s Totally depends On You.

Can I make money out of it?



The Mithila Painting tradition has been passed down through the generations, and is now being recognised with awards. The first ever madhubani drawing art competition was held in Mumbai in 2009, and since then, the art form has gained popularity. In 2012, the World Bank even recognised the Madhubani district in Bihar for its unique painting style. Today, there are many painters who keep the tradition alive by creating beautiful works of art.


It has been considered an art form that reflects life in rural India and is seen as one of the few remaining folk arts in this part of the world. The paintings have religious, mythological, and cultural themes: they tell stories from Hindu epics like Ramayana or Mahabharata; depict daily village life; illustrate wildlife motifs; and depict landscape scenes.

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3 thoughts on “Madhubani Painting | Traditional Madhubani Drawing Art

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